Basic Statistics and Data Analysis

Lecture notes, MCQS of Statistics

MCQs Basic Statistics 2

This test is about Introductory statistics covering some basics about data, Sample, population, Measure of dispersion, Measure of central tendency, Descriptive Statistics, Inferential Statistics etc. Note that all questions are in Multiple Choice on introductory statistics.

Question 1: In inferential statistics, we study

A) the methods to make decisions about population based on sample results
B) how to make decisions about mean, median, or mode
C) how a sample is obtained from a population
D) None of the above

Question 2: In descriptive statistics, we study

A) The description of decision making process
B) The methods for organizing, displaying, and describing data
C) How to describe the probability distribution
D) None of the above

Question 3: When data are collected in a statistical study for only a portion or subset of all elements of interest we are using:

A) A sample
B) A Parameter
C) A Population
D) Both b and c

Question 4: In statistics, a sample means

A) A portion of the sample
B) A portion of the population
C) all the items under investigation
D) none of the above

Question 5: The height of a student is 60 inches. This is an example of ————–

A) Qualitative data
B) Categorical data
C) Continuous data
D) Discrete data

Question 6: Data in the Population Census Report is:

A) Grouped data
B) Ungrouped data
C) Secondary data
D) Primary data
E) Arrayed data

Question 7: Which of the following is not based on all the observations?

A) Arithmetic Mean
B) Geometric Mean
C) Harmonic Mean
D) Weighted Mean
E) Mode

Question 8: Statistic is a numerical quantity, which is calculated from:

A) Population
B) Sample
C) Data
D) Observations

Question 9: Which one of the following measurement does not divide a set of observations into equal parts?

A) Quartiles
B) Standard Deviations
C) Percentiles
D) Deciles
E) Median

Question 10: Which branch of statistics deals with the techniques that are used to organize, summarize, and present the data:

A) Advanced Statistics
B) Probability Statistics
C) Inferential Statistics
D) Descriptive Statistics
E) Bayesian Statistics

Question 11: You asked five of your classmates about their height. On the basis of this information, you stated that the average height of all students in your university or college is 67 inches. This is an example of:

A) Descriptive statistics
B) Inferential Statistics
C) Parameter
D) Population

Question 12: In statistics, conducting a survey means

A) Collecting information from elements
B) Making mathematical calculations
C) Drawing graphs and pictures
D) None of the above

Question 13: The algebraic sum of deviations from mean is:

A) Maximum
B) Zero
C) Minimum
D) Undefined

Question 14: In statistics, a population consists of:

A) All People living in a country
B) All People living in the are under study
C) All subjects or objects whose characteristics are being studied
D) None of the above

Question 15: Which one is the not measure of dispersion.

A) The Range
B) 50th Percentile
C) Inter-Quartile Range
D) Variance

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The Author

Muhammad Imdadullah

Student and Instructor of Statistics and business mathematics. Currently Ph.D. Scholar (Statistics), Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan. Like Applied Statistics and Mathematics and Statistical Computing. Statistical and Mathematical software used are: SAS, STATA, GRETL, EVIEWS, R, SPSS, VBA in MS-Excel. Like to use type-setting LaTeX for composing Articles, thesis etc.


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  1. where are the answers of these question?

    1. For Answers either download the pdf version of MCQS or click on Start button for online MCQs test.

  2. Lindokuhle Sibiya

    đŸ™‚ good excercise for begginers

  3. thanks.great đŸ˜›

  4. Jayprakash Chaurasiya

    Plz give link to download all pdf file sir

  5. nice work thanks for it


  7. very good effort.thanks a lot

  8. Your effort for students is well…I appreicate you ..this is much learning Mcq and informative.

  9. very well mcq’s bro you are talented

  10. nice work

  11. sajjan ali khaskheli

    nice job

  12. i got 14/15 in this test. i like this test sir

  13. Hafiz Muhammad Ismaeel SS Statistics

    Sir AOA
    Please upload MCQs for Intermidiat Statisrics we need this for our students

  14. thank….u

  15. thank you very much

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