P-value Definition, Interpretation, Introduction, Significance

In this post, we will discuss the P-value definition, interpretation, introduction, and some related examples.

P-value Definition

The P-value also known as the observed level of significance or exact level of significance or the exact probability of committing a type-I error (probability of rejecting $H_0$, when it is true), helps to determine the significance of results from the hypothesis. The P-value is the probability of obtaining the observed sample results or a more extreme result when the null hypothesis (a statement about population) is true.

In technical words, one can define the P-value as the lowest level of significance at which a null hypothesis can be rejected. If the