Characteristics of Statistics

The characteristics of statistics are

  1. Statistics deals with the behavior of aggregates or large groups of data. It has nothing to do with what is happening to a particular individual or object of the aggregate.
  2. Statistics deals with aggregates of observations of the same kind rather than isolated figures.
  3. Statistics deals with variability that obscure underlying patterns. No two objects in this universe are exactly alike. If they were there would have been no statistical problem.
  4. Statistics deals with uncertainties as every process of getting observations whether controlled or uncontrolled involves deficiencies or chance variation. That is why we have to talk in terms of probability.
  5. Statistics deals with those characteristics or aspects of things which can be described numerically either by counts or by measurements.
  6. Statistics deals with those aggregates which are subject to a number of random causes, e.g. the heights of persons are subject to a number of causes such as race, ancestry, age, diet, habits, climate, and so forth.
  7. Statistical laws are valid on average or in the long run. There is no guarantee that a certain law will hold in all cases. Statistical inference is therefore made in the face of uncertainty.
  8. Statistical results might be misleading and incorrect if sufficient care in collecting, processing, and interpreting the data is not exercised or if the statistical data are handled by a person who is not well versed in the subject matter of statistics.
Characteristics of Statistics

See the short History of Statistics

Muhammad Imdad Ullah

Currently working as Assistant Professor of Statistics in Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan. Completed my Ph.D. in Statistics from the Department of Statistics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. l like Applied Statistics, Mathematics, and Statistical Computing. Statistical and Mathematical software used is SAS, STATA, Python, GRETL, EVIEWS, R, SPSS, VBA in MS-Excel. Like to use type-setting LaTeX for composing Articles, thesis, etc.

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